Sunday, July 5, 2009
Disease Prevention For All And Care Coordination For Those With Catastrophic Illness
First, the PCP will receive increased compensation for all of his or her CF-insured patients, not just those with complex chronic illness. Hopefully, this will be enough to assure that every patient gets the time and attention needed for the best possible care. It also means, hopefully, that the PCP will be less inclined to quickly refer to a specialist rather than taking the time needed to sort out the patient’s problem [This happens a lot today and drives ever more specialist visits.] By the same logic, it is anticipated that the physician will do a more complete history and physical exam, negating the need for more tests and procedures. The result is better care for the patient, a more satisfied patient since the doctor will not be in a “rush” and a more satisfied physician. Better care at lower total cost.
Second, CareFirst recognizes that over 90% of their clients remain with them year after year so it is financially logical to try to assure good preventive care. This will cost more today but should pay off in the years to come with lower costs because the patient will remain healthy. So in this new practice arrangement, CareFirst will pay for any preventive/ screening program/ test that is well defined by evidence. This might include cholesterol measurements, mammography and colonoscopy and it might include dietary consultation, or a smoking cessation program. As an added incentive to get this type of preventive care done, CF will waive any co-pays or deductibles that the patient might have to otherwise pay.
Finally, it is recognized that some small percentage of patients will develop a truly catastrophic condition such that the PCP can no longer easily coordinate the care. These are the 5% of patients that consume a very large portion of the healthcare dollar. This is the patient that must be referred to a specialty center or an academic medical center, have major surgery or perhaps receive an organ transplant. My own observations over the years demonstrate that these are the types of patients who get less than the best possible care because the hand offs and referrals among providers are less than satisfactory. This is where quality breaks down, where safety issues arise, and where all too often excess tests and procedures get done. And since no one is orchestrating the entire care program, the patient is left with well intentioned caregivers but less than the best care.
In this situation, CareFirst will develop an incentive-based relationship with the specialty provider – probably a hospital system – to assure care coordination. The hospital system will assign a “navigator” to each such patient. The navigator will have the responsibility to be sure that the care of the patient within the system is well coordinated, just as the PCP does in the community setting. This navigator will work the interface among the myriad specialists, departments, even hospitals and centers that the patient must utilize for his or her care. The result could be much better care quality yet at a substantially reduced total cost.
The whole concept here is to coordinate the care that the patient receives with the expectation that the patient will be better served, the providers will be more satisfied and the total costs will be reduced. It will mean a real change in how the primary care physician functions – a change from being an intervener to be an orchestrator. And a major change for the hospital system in that it will need to become an orchestrator as well, not just a place for specialty care. And it is a change for the insurer, one that accepts that care coordination and disease prevention costs money but recognizes that the end result is better care at a lower cost. This plan uses various incentives to align needs – we could say that it gives rights but with corresponding responsibility.
Praise for Dr Schimpff
The craft of science writing requires skills that are arguably the most underestimated and misunderstood in the media world. Dumbing down all too often gets mistaken for clarity. Showmanship frequently masks a poor presentation of scientific issues. Factoids are paraded in lieu of ideas. Answers are marketed at the expense of searching questions. By contrast, Steve Schimpff provides a fine combination of enlightenment and reading satisfaction. As a medical scientist he brings his readers encyclopedic knowledge of his subject. As a teacher and as a medical ambassador to other disciplines he's learned how to explain medical breakthroughs without unnecessary jargon. As an advisor to policymakers he's acquired the knack of cutting directly to the practical effects, showing how advances in medical science affect the big lifestyle and economic questions that concern us all. But Schimpff's greatest strength as a writer is that he's a physician through and through, caring above all for the person. His engaging conversational style, insights and fascinating treasury of cutting-edge information leave both lay readers and medical professionals turning his pages. In his hands the impact of new medical technologies and discoveries becomes an engrossing story about what lies ahead for us in the 21st century: as healthy people, as patients of all ages, as children, as parents, as taxpayers, as both consumers and providers of health services. There can be few greater stories than the adventure of what awaits our minds, bodies, budgets, lifespans and societies as new technologies change our world. Schimpff tells it with passion, vision, sweep, intelligence and an urgency that none of us can ignore.
-- N.J. Slabbert, science writer, co-author of Innovation, The Key to Prosperity: Technology & America's Role in the 21st Century Global Economy (with Aris Melissaratos, director of technology enterprise at the John Hopkins University).